When you study the history of dogs, you will discover that there are very many varieties of dogs in the universe. These variations may be due to the environment, roles, breeds, and the people who took care of them initially. But these groups have been subdivided into broad categories based on the functions and the characteristics of the dogs. So in this article, we will look at some of the common pets that we always find around us and how they have been important to our lives.
Gun dogs are also known as sporting dogs. Their emergence followed the invention of guns. Most of the dogs born in the United Kingdom falls in these categories as they are bred to work in a close relationship with human beings or rather a human partner. They are used for hunting where they can be able to take commands from the human partner. They are the best type of dog that can cooperate maximum with human beings which ease their training process.
Toy dogs are very unique in their own kind as their size and behaviors make them the best choice for all those who love pets. These kinds of dogs were bred with only one big purpose which was to give company to human beings. For those who have limited space, you will be able to find a perfect space for your dog as they do not occupy a larger space like their counterparts. One can also be able to carry them without getting exhausted by its weight since its small. Under this category, you will get Italian greyhound, cavalier king Charles-spaniel and Yorkshire terrier.
Working dogs have proven to be very useful in our day to day lives. They have the power to perform several tasks that human beings may need them for. They can play roles such as guarding livestock and homes, serving as military and police dogs, hunters, guiding and service dogs. You can find dogs like Siberian Husky and Bernese Mountain in these categories.
Pastoral dogs are also known as Harding dogs. They are identified as the most intelligent species among the dogs family. These are also the same breed that you would meet working on the farms, herding livestock and protecting them at the same time. Collies are one example of theses pastoral dogs that have proven to have much intelligence thereby making the interaction between them and human beings very easy. Other dogs in this category include Australian Cattle Dog, Australian Shepherd, Beauceron, Belgian Malinois, and Belgian Sheepdog.
Based on the characters and purpose, it has been very easy to identify the category under which a dog breed could belong. But in this situation, utility dogs haven’t shown any ability to fit in any of the groups highlighted above. Therefore since they are not able to play any role, they ended up being termed as non-sporting or utility dogs. In this group, you will find Dalmation, Poodles and Shih Tzu.